rubric must define the range of possible performance levels. Within
this range are different levels of performance which are organized from
the lowest level to the highest level of performance. Usually, a
of possible points is associated with the continuum where the highest level
receives the greatest number of points and the lowest level of performance
receives the fewest points.
of quality are quite common to music. Virtually every adjudicated
music performance festival uses one.
is the rubric used by the New York State School Music Association (NYSSMA)
in assessing the performances of soloists.
students can expect their final rating to be Excellent, Good or Satisfactory.
The rating of Outstanding is awarded only when the level of performance
exceeds the normal range of expected achievement. The Outstanding
rating is received for students whose performance displays an unusual degree
of talent and artistry.
of performance should have descriptors which clearly indicate what is necessary
to achieve that level of performance. The descriptors in the NYSSMA
rubric above are commonly used throughout the country. Unfortunately,
they do not give much information about what is expected. The description
underneath the NYSSMA scale does provide additional information for both
adjudicator, teacher and student in determining how to use and how to interpret
the various scores.
be noted that this rubric is to be applied to all soloists regardless of
what instrument they play. So, it cannot be expected that much greater
specificity can be applied. Such broad-based rubrics are called holistic
consider one performance instrument, say the voice. A number of different
rubrics can be applied. For instance, posture, breath support, intonation,
phrasing, and musicianship could all have their own rubrics. Where
multiple rubrics are used, the term analytic
rubrics is frequently applied. Each of the rubrics that make up the
analytic system should be an independent aspect of the musical performance